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核心提示:AAmerica is growing older. Fifty years ago, only 4 out of every 100 people in the United States were 65 or older. Today,
America is growing older. Fifty years ago, only 4 out of every 100 people
in the United States were 65 or older. Today, 10 out of every 100
Americans are over 65. The aging of the population will affect American
society in many ways — edu-cation, medicine, and business. Quietly, the
aging of America has made us a very different society — one in which
people have a quite different idea of what kind of behavior is suitable at
various ages.
A person’s age no longer tells you anything about his/ her social
position, marriage or health. There’s no longer a particular year in which
one goes to school or goes to work or gets married or starts a family. The
social clock that kept us on time and told us when to go to school, get a
job, or stop work-ing isn’t as strong as it used to be. It doesn’t
surprise us to hear of a 29-year-old university president or a 35-year-old
grandmother, or a 70-year-old man who has become a father for the first
time. Public ideas are changing
Many people say, “I am much younger than my mother or my father was at my
age.” No one says “Act your age” any more. We’ve stopped looking with
surprise at older people who act in youthful ways.
1. It can be learned from the text that the aging of the popula-tion in
America ________.
A. has made people feel younger B. has changed people’s social position
C. has changed people’s understanding of age D. has slowed down the
country’s social development
2. The underlined word “one” refers to ________.
A. a society B. America C. a place D.
3. “Act your age” means people should ________.
A. be active when they are old B. do the right thing at the right age
C. show respect to their parents young or old D. take more physical
exercises suitable to their age
4. If a’ 25-year-old man becomes general manager of a big firm, the writer
of the text would most probably consider it _________.
A. normal B. wonderful C. unbelievable D.
Bill Javis took over our village’s news-agency at a time of life when most
of us only wanted to relax. He just thought he would like something but
not too much to do, and the news-a-gency was ready-made. The business
produced little enough for him, but Bill was a man who only wanted the
simplicity and order and regularity of the job. He had been a long-serving
sailor, and all his life had done everything by the clock
Every day he opened his shop at 6:00 a. m. to catch the early trade; the
papers arrived on his doorstep before that. Many of Bill’s customers were
city workers, and the shop was convenient for the station. Business was
tailing off by 10 o’clock, so at eleven sharp Bill closed for lunch. It
was hard luck on anybody who wanted a paper or magazine in the after-noon,
for most likely Bill would be down on the river bank, fishing, and his
neatest competitor was five kilometers away. Sometimes in the afternoon-,
the evening paper landed on the doorway, and at 4 o’ clock Bill reopened
his shop. The evening rush lasted till seven, and it was worthwhile.
He lived in a flat above the ship, alone. Except in the very bad weather,
you always knew where to find him in the af-ternoon, as I have said. Once,
on a sunny afternoon, I walked home along the river bank from a shopping
trip to the village. By my watch it was three minutes past four, so I was
aston-ished to see Bill sitting there on his little chair with a line in
the, water. He had no luck, I could, see, but he was making no effort to
“What’s wrong, Bill?” I called out from the path.
For answer, he put a hand in his jacket and took out a big, golden object.
For a moment I had no idea what it could be, and then it suddenly went off
with a noise like a fire en-gine. Stopping the bell, Bill held the thing
up and called back, "Ten to four, you see, and this is dead right. "
I had never known anyone carrying a brass alarm clock round with him
5. Bill Javis became a news-agent when ________.
A. he need the money B. he decided to take things easy
C. he was quite an old man D. he gave up clock-repairing
6. Bill opened the shop so early in the day because ________.
A. he liked to do as much as possible before he went to work
B. the shop had to be open when the morning papers came
C. he was never sure of time D. it was then that he did a lot of business
7. On that sunny afternoon, the writer was surprised when he saw Bill
because ________.
A. he thought it was late for Bill to be still fishing B. he thought Bill
was ill, since he was not moving at all
C. Bill had not caught anything, and that seemed strange D. Bill stayed in
his flat
8. From the information given in the passage, who or what do you think was
A. The bell was; it must have gone off at the wrong time.
B. Bill was; he had dropped off to sleep.
C. The writer’s watch was fast.
D. Bill’s clock was wrong; it was old.
The Western has been the favorite type for American adventure story since
the nineteenth centu-ry. While the American West was being settled,
newspapers and "dime novels" could depend on stories of the frontier
settlements and tell tales about living in the untamed wilderness to sell.
The public back East was eager to read about the West, even if the stories
were more fiction than fact.
In 1902, Owen Wister published his novel The Virginian, which was one of
the first novels to treat the Western as a serious literary form; the
novel still sold well and had inspired several movies and a television
series. In 1905, Bertha H. Bower and Zane Grey published their first
novels, and the popular Western novels had continued to flourish from that
day on, with current novels by Luke Short, Max Brand, and Louis L’ Amour
carrying on the tradition
The first Western movie appeared even earlier than these serious Western
novels. Before the turn of the century, an associate of Edison’s had
filmed Cripple Creek Barroom Scene, a few seconds of film showing the
inside of a saloon, to help publicize the invention of the movie camera.
In 1903 the Edison’ company filmed the first "full-length" Western — The
Great Train Robbery. The film lasts less than fifteen minutes, but a story
is told its entirety. In the movie, bandits (强盗) rob a train and its
passengers, killing the engineer, and find themselves tracked down by a
posse. Audiences loved the movie. Some theaters were actually opened for
the single purpose of showing The Great Train Rob-bery and only later
realized that they could do equally well showing other movies. The film
was so suc-cessful that other companies, and finally even the Edison
company itself, began producing copies and other versions of The Great
Train Robbery. Ironically, in" an era when the West was still very real
—-Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma were all territories rather than states
in 1903 — The Great Train Robbery was filmed in New Jersey.
9. The purpose of this passage is to________.
A. discuss the making of the movie The Great Train Robbery
B. discuss the early Western novels
C. discuss the art of movie making
D. trace the development of the Western as an American adventure story
10. We can conclude from this passage that________.
A. people lost interest in the West after 1903 B. Owen Wister was an
C. New Jersey was still "untamed wilderness" in 1903
D. films were fairly uncommon at the time The Great Train Robbery was made
11. The passage suggests that________.
A. Edison’s invention of the movie camera happened by accident
B. movie houses didn’t make much-money in the early days
C. Easterners were fascinated by the " wild West"
D. The Great Train Robbery was poorly received by the public because it
lacked a plot
12. As used in this passage, the word “literary” means________
A. humorous B. financial C. appropriate to literature D.

1. C 主旨题。根据第一、二段的最后一句及第三段可判断。
2. A 细节题。one是a society的同位语且后面跟了一个定语从句,可以通过分析句子结构得出正确答案。
3. B 细节题。全文最后一句话给出了提示。
4. A 推理题。可仔细阅读第二段中倒数第二句话。

(B)讲述了Bill Javis开报亭的事情以及他的生活规律。
5. C 推断题。at a time of life when most of us only wanted to relax和He had
been a long-serving sailor这两点说明他已上了年纪。
6. D 推断题。第二段开头说他6点开门,报纸在这之前已送到,而且还可以catch the early trade。
7. A 推断题。Bill通常4点会重新开店,而那天作者的表已过4点,Bill还没有离开的意思,所以他很惊讶。
8. C 细节题。A项中go off是爆发,产生很大声音;B项中drop off to sleep是不知不觉入睡;文章中倒数第二段最后一句话this
is dead right 中dead是“非常,完全”的意思,可见,Bill的clock没错。

9. D
10. D 推断题。第三段,通过The Great Train
Edison公司本身便开始生产其副本及The Great Train
11. C 推断题。第一段最后一句的was eager to read about the West(渴望看一些有关西部的书),与题中were
fascinated by the wild West (对荒芜的西部着了迷)表达了同样的信息,故C项为正确答案。
12. C 词义题。根据上下文关系以及关键词语novels和form可推知literary的词义。因为“小说”与“形式”应属于“文学”范围

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