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浙江专升本考试《英语》阅读理解模拟四配答案

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核心提示:AFor hundreds of years humans have dreamt of finding life on distant planets. Now the hope of discovering real evidence
 A
For hundreds of years humans have dreamt of finding life on distant
planets. Now the hope of discovering real evidence of life has greatly
increased
NASA’s Mars detector (探测器), Opportunity, succeeded in finding signs that
water once existed on the planet. Opportunity landed on Mars in January.
Scientists now believe that the planet could once have supported life.
This discovery was chosen by Science, one of the world’s leading
magazines, as the most important scientific achievement of 2004 last
Friday
“This little, wheeled, one-armed box went around another planet and has
done something no human has ever managed,” according to Science. “It has
discovered another place in the universe where life could once have
existed.”
“Although we still can’t say that life could have existed in this
environment, it is now certain that there was water on Mars,” said Steve
Squyres, one of the scientists working on the Mars mission. The evidence
comes from pictures and chemical readings taken by Opportunity. It
includes marks on rocks like those caused by flowing water on Earth and
salty chemicals like those found in dried-out sea-beds. Scientists said
the new evidence proved beyond doubt that water has been existed on Mars.
But it is still unknown whether the water on Mars was like an ocean or
just ice.
While Opportunity has not found any signs of life, the presence of water
means life is possible. “In everything we know about life on Earth, there
is no example without liquid water,” Squyres said. “So water is important
for the search for life on Mars.”
Researchers agree that a future mission (任务) should bring back physical
samples (样品). But some scientists worry about the risk that this could
introduce dangerous foreign creatures to Earth. “The problem here is how
to get the samples back,” Squyres replied. “I think it is our
responsibility to limit any risk.”
1. ________ prove that water existed on Mars.
A. The physical samples with salty chemicals
B. The marks on rocks and salty chemicals
C. Scientific achievements of 2004
D. Creatures from Mars
2. Which of the following is true according to the text?
A. It is now certain that there was water on Mars.
B. The water on Mars was like an ocean.
C. Evidence of life on Mars has been found.
D. Search for life on Mars is a great risk to humans.
3. How did scientists draw the conclusion that there was water on Mars?
A. The world’s leading magazine has announced the fact.
B. Scientists have taken many pictures and chemical readings on the Mars.
C. Astronauts have got some rocks from Mars.
D. Scientists have made a study of the pictures and readings sent back by
Mars detector.
4. It can be inferred that, if the creatures from Mars came to Earth,
________.
A. they would be kind to humans
B. they would be cruel to humans
C. they would be a great danger to Earth
D. it would be hard to say whether it would be a good news or bad news
B
He was once referred to as the Picasso of poetry. Beloved by Chileans of
all classes, he is one of the most widely read and respected poets in
history. And this year is the 100th birthday of Pablo Neruda (1904-1973)
Born with the name Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basolto, he was a tall, shy and
lonely boy. He loved to read and started to write poetry when he was ten.
The American poet Walt Whitman, whose framed picture Neruda later kept on
his table, became a major influence on his work.
However, his father did not like the idea of having a poet for a son and
tried to discourage him from writing. To cover up the publication of his
first poem, he took the pen name Pablo Neruda.
In 1924 Neruda gained fame with his most widely read work “Twenty Love
Poems and a Song of Despair’’. Yet his rich experience as a diplomat and
exile made him go beyond the theme of love. His work also reflected the
political struggle of the left and development of South America. He was
awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971.
Neruda loved the sea which he saw as creative, destructive and forever
moving. He found inspiration in the power and freedom of the waves and the
seabirds on the coast. “I need the sea because it teaches me,” he wrote.
“I move in the university of the waves.” He loved how the sea forever
renewed itself, a renewal echoed in his work.
5. The underlined word “Picasso” can probably be replaced by “________”.
A. most important person B. famous person from Picasso
C. freedom fighter in Picasso D. poem fan
6. Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basolto took the pen name Pablo Neruda because
________.
A. literary greats usually used the pen name
B. his father encouraged him to use the name
C. he wanted to prevent his father knowing the publication
D. he was greatly influenced by other poets
7. Which of the following is not the theme of his works?
A. Love. B. Political struggle. C. Social reform. D. Development of
South America.
8. The last paragraph mainly tells us ________.
A. the sea gave Neruda vast writing inspiration
B. the beautiful scenery along the Chile coast
C. Neruda’s poems were widely read overseas
D. Neruda loved to write his poems near the sea
C
Global warming threatens to hold back human progress, and make
unachievable all UN targets to reduce poverty, according to some of the
world’s leading international and development groups.
In a report published today, Oxfam, Greenpeace, Christian Aid, Friends of
the Earth, WWF and 15 other groups say rich governments must immediately
address climate change to avoid even “unbearable levels” of worldwide
poverty.
“Food production, water supplies, public health and people’s living
environment are already being damaged,” the report says. “The world must
meet its promise to achieve poverty reduction and also deal with climate
change.”
The report, which draws on UN predictions of the effects of climate change
in poor countries over the next 50 years, says poor countries will
experience more flooding, declining food production, more disease and the
worsening or disappearing of entire ecosystems(生态系统)on which many of the
world’s poorest people depend
“Climate change needs to be addressed now. The poor will bear the burden
of it. The frontline experience of many of us working in international
development indicates that communities are having to fight against more
extreme weather conditions.”
Climate change will play havoc(浩劫)with agriculture and water supplies and
will increase diseases. “By 2025 the proportion of the world’s population
living in countries of great water stress will almost double, to 6 billion
people. Tropical and sub-tropical areas will be hardest hit — those
countries already suffering from food shortage”.
Poor countries mostly do not need high-tech solutions, but would most
benefit from education, research and being shown how to farm better. The
report says unchecked global warming, more than wars or political
confusion, will displace millions of people and destabilize (不安定) many
countries.
9. ________ should play a leading role in resisting the more extreme
weather conditions according to the report.
A. International groups B. Poor countries
C. Rich countries D. Tropical and sub-tropical countries
10. Which of the following is not the effect of global warming according
to the report?
A. More natural disasters and starvation.
B. Increasing the world’s population.
C. Making millions of people move to other places.
D. Shaking the foundation of a country.
11. Which of the following is not true according to the text?
A. Poverty and climate change are closely linked
B. More and more people will suffer from the water stress and food
shortage.
C. What the poor countries need badly is high technology.
D. International communities have to take steps to resist the bad climate.
12. What is the best title of the passage?
A. International Development Brings in Climate Change
B. Global Warming Is a Bigger Threat to Poor
C. International Groups Work Together to Reduce Poverty
D. Worldwide Poverty Shall Be Avoided
【答案与解析】
1. B 事实细节题。根据短文第五段“It includes marks on rocks like those caused by flowing
water on Earth and salty chemicals like those found in dried-out
sea-beds”一句可知:岩石上有类似地球上水流的痕迹和化学物。
2. A 事实细节题。根据第二段“succeeded in finding signs that water once existed on the
planet”一句可判断,火星上有水
3. D
事实归纳题。人们对火星的研究是通过探测器“机遇号”发回的图片和数据进行分析得出的,人类还没有登上火星,所以B、C两项不符文意。A项“杂志上报道的”更不能作为结论的根据。
4. D 推测题。根据短文最后一段“some scientists worry about the risk that this could
introduce dangerous foreign creatures to Earth”的意义,科学家有这种担心外星人是否会对人类造成危
害。由此可推测:如果外星人来地球,是好是坏不得而知。
5. A 词义猜测题。根据下一句的意义“他被各个阶层的智利人所爱戴着,他的作品广为传诵,备受尊重。”可猜测出:他曾经被誉为诗坛“巨匠”。
6. C 细节题。根据短文第三段“To cover up the publication of his first
poem”一句可知:聂鲁达的父亲不赞成儿子当诗人,经常想方设法阻止他的创作。为了掩人耳目发表第一部诗集,诗人就为自己取了个笔名——聂鲁达。
7. C
判断题。第四段二、三句表述的意思是:聂鲁达有着丰富的阅历,他当过外交官,曾流亡国外。因此,他的诗歌主题多样,并不仅仅限于男女情爱。他的作品还反映了左派政治斗争以及南美洲的发展。由此判断可知。
8. A 段落主旨题。根据“He found inspiration in the power and freedom of the waves
and the seabirds on the coast”和“He loved how the sea forever renewed
itself, a renewal echoed in his
work”两句可知:海浪磅礴的力量、自由的激荡,海岸上展翅翱翔的海鸟,这一切都给予聂鲁达无尽的创作灵感。他喜欢大海,还因为大海在永不停息地更新着自己。而他的诗作也犹如大海一样,不断地推陈出新
9. C 细节题。根据第二段中的“rich governments must immediately address climate change
to avoid even "unbearable levels" of worldwide poverty”一句的意义可知:财力富足的政府必须
立即致力于改变日益恶化的气候条件,以免全球范围内的贫穷上升到无法忍受的程度。由此可判断富裕国家应该起主导作用。
10. B
归纳题。文章第四段提到:气候变化将导致愈演愈烈的洪灾,不断衰减的粮食生产,疾病的威胁以及整个生态系统的退化甚至消失。文章最后一句又说:尚未得到抑制的全球变暖比战争和政变更可怕,它将迫使数百万人口迁移,动摇很多国家的安定局面。而B项在短文中没有提及。
11. C
判断题。短文最后一段表述的意义是:对贫穷的社会来说,它们几乎不需要高科技的解决方案,但是教育、科研以及教授更好地耕作方式将使它们受益最多。此据判断可知。
12. B
主旨题。短文第一段第一句就表述了全文的中心,其意义是:据全球主要的国际发展组织推测,全球变暖不但威胁着人类发展的进程,有可能使之倒退,而且联合国所有减少贫穷的目标和计划都将无法实现。由此可简述为:全球气候变暖加剧贫穷

 
 
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